Madagascar is officially called the Republic of Madagascar. It is an island country off the southeast coast of Africa. The region was previously colonized by France, and gained independence in 1960.
Madagascar has a population of 22 million, an area of 587,041 sq km, and a low HDI of 0.498.
Madagascar split from India about 88 million years ago, and over 90% of its wildlife is found nowhere else on Earth.