Tanzania is officially called the United Republic of Tanzania. In the late 1800s, Germany conquered the regions of Tanzania, which was later controlled by Britain. British rule came to an end in 1961, when Tanzania gained independence.
Tanzania has an area of 945,203 sq km, a population of 44.9 million, and a low HDI of 0.488.
The highest mountain in Africa, Kilimanjaro, is located in Tanzania.