Egypt is officially called the Arab Republic of Egypt. It is located on both Africa and Asia, connected via the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt’s official language is Egyptian Arabic and its largest religion is Sunni Islam. Egypt has one of the longest histories of any modern state, and its first unified kingdom was formed in 3150 BCE, with a dynastic system of pharaohs. It was then part of the Roman Empire, and later invaded by the Arabs. Egypt was later part of the Ottoman Empire, and then underwent several revolutions and change of governments. In 1953, the Egyptian Republic was declared. There have been recent anti-government protests in Egypt, which overthrew the incumbent president, and then the president after that.
Egypt has a population of 86.5 million, an area of 1,002,450 sq km, and a medium HDI of 0.662.