South Africa is officially called the Republic of South Africa. It is a multiethnic and multilingual nation - which led to apartheid from 1948 to 1994. The region was previously a Dutch and British colony, and gained sovereignty in 1931.
South Africa has a population of 54 million, an area of 1,221,037 sq km, and a medium HDI of 0.658.
Nelson Mandela was the first black president of South Africa, and Elon Musk was born and grew up in South Africa.