The Gambia is officially called the Republic of the Gambia. It is a small country enclosed inside Senegal and situated around the Gambia River. The area was historically an important trading hub. The Gambia was previously a French and British colony. The country gained independence in 1965, as a commonwealth of the UK.
The Gambia has an area of 10,689 sq km, a population of 1.8 million, and a low HDI of 0.439.