Libya is officially called the State of Libya. The region was historically part of the Roman Empire, was later conquered by the Arabs, and then the Ottoman Empire. Libya was under Italy’s control from 1912 to 1947. It then underwent several revolutions, the latest being part of the Arab Spring movements in 2011 against Muammar al-Gaddafi. Libya is currently a unitary provisional parliamentary republic.
Libya has an area of 1,759,541 sq km, a population of 6.2 million, and a high HDI of 0.769.