Andorra is officially called the Principality of Andorra. Its official language is Catalan, and the present Principality was formed in 1278 CE. Its main industry is tourism. It is a monarchy headed by two co-princes, the Roman Catholic Bishop of Urgell and the President of France. Thus Andorra is heavily tied to both Spain and France.
Andorra has an area of 467 sq km, a population of 85,000, and a very high HDI of 0.846.